Geography of Ghana

Ghana is a West African country, bordered by Burkina Faso to the north, Togo on the east, Cote d’Ivoire to the west, and the Atlantic Ocean to the South. The West is largely dense rain forest, whereas the North is composed of forested hills, dry savannah, and open woodland. To the far north, a plateau reaches approximately 500 meters in height. The Black and White Volga Rivers enter Ghana via Burkina Faso, and are dammed to create a large man-made lake.

Society, Language & Religion

Ghana has a population of about 17.1 million. The people of Ghana come from a number of ethnic groups, such as the Ashanti, the Ewe, the Ga-Adangbe, the Mole-Dagbani, the Guan, and the Gurma. About 80 different languages are spoken in Ghana. English, an artifact of the colonial era, is the official language, but the most widely-spoken indigenous language is Akan.

    As for religion, about 43% of Ghanaians are Christian, approximately 38% are Animist, and about 12% are Muslim. Ghanaians are completely free to choose their religion.

    The culture of Ghana is largely dominated by dance, drama, and music, though the Ghanaian people are also known for their craft work, especially their “kente” fabric.

Climate and Weather

Ghana has an overall tropical climate, but average temperatures vary by season and elevation. Everywhere except in the North, there are two rainy seasons, one from April to July and one from September to November. In the North, there is one long rainy season, from April to September. Ghana’s annual rainfall ranges from 1100 mm in the North to 2100 mm in the South. From December until March, a dry desert wind, the Harmattan, blows from the northeast. The Harmattan causes lower humidity and thus hot days and cool nights in the north. In most areas of Ghana, the highest temperatures occur sometime in March, and drop to their lowest in August.

Health and Safety

Vaccination for yellow fever is mandatory for entry to Ghana, but it is also recommended that travelers consider vaccination for hepatitis A and B, polio, typhoid, and meningitis. It is also recommended to reduce risk of malaria by taking anti-malarial drugs, wearing insect repellent, and sleeping in air-conditioned rooms or under mosquito netting.

Travelers are recommended to avoid undercooked food and drinking water that hasn’t been boiled or bottled.

Pick pocketing and purse-snatching is common in crowded tourist areas. More violent crimes, such as armed robbery, are on the rise, so certain precautions are recommended, e.g. traveling in groups, avoiding nighttime travel, and limiting display of valuables.

Electricity and Voltage

  • Ghana voltage: 220 – 240 V
  • Ghana plug type: G
  • Ghana electrical frequency: 50 Hz

The standard electrical voltage in Ghana is 220 – 240 volts which makes it compatible with the 120 V voltage in the U.S., Canada and most South American countries. The electrical frequency is 50 Hz. The plugs/outlets that are used are of type G. Your need for an adapter or converter depends on the voltage, frequency and power plugs in the country you live in. Most household and electronic equipments support multiple frequencies but if you want to avoid a compatibillity issue, make sure to have an adaptor with you.

If you are looking for more information about the Electricity and Voltage in Ghana click here.

Money

The local currency is the Ghanian cedi (GHS). One cedi is divided into one hundred pesewas. However the US Dollar (USD or $) is used along side the Ghanian cedi. Currency converter